Vaccines protect against 16 serious childhood diseases

Diphtheria causes a severe throat infection that makes it very hard to swallow and breathe.

Haemophilus Influenza Type B causes joint, eye, ear and lung infections, and meningitis which may lead to brain damage or death.

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection that can lead to liver damage, liver cancer and in some cases, death.

Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease that causes flu-like symptoms, jaundice and severe diarrhea.

Human Papillomavirus is is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States. HPV can cause cervical cancer in women.

Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death.

Measles causes a high fever, rash, sore eyes and cold-like symptoms. It can lead to hearing loss, breathing problems, pneumonia, brain damage and death.

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. One out of every 10 people who get this disease will die from it.

Mumps causes headache, fever and painful swelling of the cheeks and jaw. In some cases, it can lead to hearing loss, swelling of the brain and spinal cord, and brain damage.

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) causes long spells of coughing that makes it hard for a child to eat, drink and breathe. It can lead to pneumonia, seizures and death.

Pneumococcus is the leading cause of serious illness among young children worldwide. It is the most frequent cause of meningitis, blood infections, pneumonia, sinusitis and ear infections.

Polio can cause lifelong paralysis and deformity.

Rotavirus is a virus that causes severe diarrhea often accompanied by vomiting and fever. It occurs mostly in babies and young children.

Rubella (German Measles) is highly contagious and causes a fever and rash on the face and neck. A pregnant woman who gets Rubella can lose her baby, or have a baby with severe birth defects.

Tetanus (Lockjaw) causes severe muscle spasms, breathing and heart problems, and may lead to death.

Varicella (Chicken Pox) is a highly contagious disease that causes fever, tiredness, and weakness, followed by an itchy, blister-like rash.

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